The basic principle of the Traditional Tibetan Medicine system is health through balance of body, mind and spiritual practice. This is related to the physiological balance of three vital energies—Wind (rlung/Vata), Bile (Khrispa/Pitta) and Phlegm (Badkan/Kapha). Traditional Tibetan Medicine considers that diseases are caused by an imbalance of these three humors ultimately related to Ignorance.
Traditional Tibetan Medicine has unique diagnostic methods to determine the affliction and the cause of imbalances in the human body.
Three Diagnostic Techniques:
- Observation (Tawa)
- Pulse Reading (Regpa)
- Interrogation (Driwa)
Here the tongue and the urine of the patient are observed. The first urine passed in the morning is collected for analysis. The other is the tongue examination, in which color and coating of the tongue is observed.
Pulse Reading (Regpa)
In pulse diagnosis the physician most commonly interprets the radial arteries using the middle three fingers, observing many aspects of the pulse, which indicate the wellbeing of the patient’s body and mind.
Interrogation is an essential diagnostic method involving conversation with the patient ascertaining the cause and conditions of the disease. The questions posed may include subjects such as diet, lifestyle, emotional wellbeing etc.
The Traditional Tibetan Medicine and healing system defines four important treatment methods.
- Diet (Zhas)
- Life-style (Chod-Lam)
- Medication (sMan)
- Therapy (Chad)
Diet plays a very important role in the maintenance of good balance between the vital elements. According to the individual’s constitution (like Wind, Bile or Phlegm) the correct food has to be taken. A physician advises patients on diet to benefit their nature and relieve afflictions.
Lifestyle is also a very important determinant in causing imbalances in the body and mind. A suitable lifestyle is recommended to each person, according to his or her nature and disorders.
The Traditional Tibetan medicine is made from herbs that grow in the Himalayan regions such as Tibet, Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Ladak, Manali, Darjeeling etc. The medicines are prepared in a traditional way in the form of pills, powders, paste, etc without any known side-effect.
There are many therapies used in the treatment of diseases, which are meant to compliment the medications prescribed. The most important therapies are –
- Golden Needle Therapy
- Blood Letting
- Medicinal Bath